A synthesis of some DISTRACTION studies funded by ASPE9 shows that a large proportion of families, 10 Fraser Institute, Critical Issues Bulletin, Surveying US and Canadian Welfare Reform, by Chris Schafer, Joel Emes and Jason Clemens, 2001, p. 37. Family Investment Program (FIP, i.e. TANF) who meet the set income limits, who have an eligible child in the house, indicate social security numbers and voluntarily present themselves for distraction assistance instead of receiving FIP cash benefits. Recipients of deviations must have identifiable obstacles to obtaining or retaining jobs which can be addressed primarily by the immediate short-term provision or services. . . .